• Present curriculum using a "top-down" approach
    • Use graphic organizers
    • Chunk directions into small steps using as few words as possible
    • Show a model of the end product for directions (student exemplars)
    • Annotate & highlight important text sections
    • Use multisensory instruction
    • Document creation
      • Avoid script
      • Use 12 to 14 point font
      • Ariel & Comic Sans
      • Avoid underlining, italics, & bold
      • Provide ample space for written response

Math Assignments & Tests

    • Read and explain word problems, or break problems into smaller steps.
    • Allow use of times tables charts or math charts / calculators or assignments & tests.
    • Allow use of graph paper for working math problems or allow students to turn lined paper vertically creating columns for numbers


    • Provide a computer for written work
    • Provide access to word prediction software, text-to-speech & speech-to-text software or extensions for written assignments


    • Post anchors charts as relevant with learning, remove after assignment completion.
    • Do not use round-robin reading or read out loud unless student volunteers
    • Keep the classroom quiet during intense learning times
    • Keep workspaces clear of unrelated materials


    • Provide a variety of activities in which student can demonstrate mastery & success
    • Praise effort and process, not final output
    • Be sensitive about accommodations


    • Shorten assignments or break large assignments into chunks
    • Provide clear expectations for assignments; provide rubrics
    • Provide opportunities for interest-based projects


    • Consider performance-based measures
    • Use alternative test formats
      • fewer selections for multiple choice
      • chunk matching questions into smaller sections
      • provide word banks with academic vocabulary for written assignments
      • avoid essay questions
    • Avoid penalizing for spelling, punctuation or grammar