Structuring classroom discussions increases participation and outcomes. The pictures below illustrate Megan Montgomery's ELA students engaging in the +1 protocol.
The structure included brainstorming a list of key ideas that you recall from the book, their analysis, and/or their previous discussions. Next, students shared their thoughts with each other and added to each other's lists.
Students were asked to add one of the following to the list:
- An elaboration on one item on the list
- A new point that you think is missing from the list
- Draw and explain a connection between two items on the list.
Montgomery's students were implementing the Harvard Thinking Routine: Synthesizing & Organizing Ideas
“Routines that help students find coherence, draw conclusions, and distill the essence of topics or experiences.”